Gingko, grafted female, grafted male and seedling
With both a male pollinator and a female will produce good crops of tasty nuts. The trees are, however, very slow growing on the coast in their early years and you don’t know the sex until they’re sexually mature.
Hazelnut. Corylus spp. seedling.
Hazels are the quickest growing and quickest to production nut tree. They do well in the summer without supplemental irrigation and are completely coldhardy. Plant at least three different varieties (or seedlings) for good pollination. A small tree which can be hedged.
Beware and avoid any cultivars that are not eastern filbert blight (EFB) resistant. Its here now. We sell seedlings from EFB resistant parents and believe in the power and promise of sexual selection in the creation of diversity and resilience. I’m no longer selling hazel cultivars because of the EFB. I will continue to sell imported bastard hybrid crosses because genetic diversity is a good hedge against disease.
Honey Locust seedling
Beautiful tree. Major potential in perennial tree folder for livestock.
Monkey Puzzle. Araucaria araucana. seedling
Native to south america, Monkey Puzzle shares its latin name, Araucana araucana, with the Araucana chicken. The trees are large, hardy, evergreen and are usually planted alone and appreciated for their weird non-productive beauty. One could, however, plant several monkey puzzles and eventually enjoy a bountiful harvest of really big seeds similar to big starchy pine nuts. Eventually can take as long as a couple decades. The trees are sold as seedlings of undetermined sex so its best to plant a few to end up with the ideal ration of one male for up to 6 females. If you live in a neighbourhood that already enjoys a couple of these trees than just plant one. The pollen is dispersed far distances by the wind.
I have been recently been observing a high incidence of dual-sexed trees on local street trees. The internet says that only 1% of monkey puzzles will bear both male and female sex parts but a quick survey last year found 50% were doing this. All lone planted trees. I think they can probably alter their sex expression/structure to meet their own pollination needs if they aren’t being met by another tree.
Oak. Quercus spp. red, swamp and white, Denman Cemetery Specimen Tree
Grown primarily for “mast”. Pigs, cows and even poultry can be fattened on nuts to attain a much healthier balance of fats before slaughter. Acorns are a traditional fall feed all over the world, from the southern states to spain. Good people food too with proper leaching. The oak growth on the farm is fast and impressive.
This lineage has been selected to produce high quality calories- larger acorns with less tannin content. Acorns have been used traditionally all over the world to fatten livestock and game-especially pork -both in the new and old world- and to feed humans in difficult times. The up-shot is that oaks are not a slow growing tree (its a myth and right now they’re outpacing a lot of the other nut varieties in the nursery). -And, the acorns aren’t just for difficult times: they’re actually quite good once the tannins are soaked out. The trees do need a lot of space and good soil to help them along towards production.
Sweet Chestnut. Castanea spp. var. Chinese seedling, Victoria Street Tree seedling, Reverend-Colossal seedling
Based on the success of both the 100 year old chestnut and the 10 year old chestnuts on our property its quite surprising that there aren’t more of them around. In order to avoid disease conditions they prefer sandy soil, full exposure and super drainage. Do not plant them in heavy wet spots.
We’re getting good crops on-farm now and are offering trees from both our own seeds and imported seeds
Not to be confused with the useless horse chestnuts favored by city planners.
Walnut. Juglans spp. var. Manoka seedling, local english, Black Walnut and various grafts.
Slow to produce but worth the wait of about ten years to production. Totally hardy and drought tolerant once established and actually surprisingly fast growing in deep soil with supplemental watering. You only need one or two in the end.